muscleEdited by Gian Nicola Bisciotti

[2]  and Cristiano Eirale [1], ISBN 978-953-51-1198-6, Hard cover, 324 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published September 11, 2013 under CC BY 3.0 license DOI: 10.5772/56971

[1] Qatar Orthopaedic and Sport Medicine Hospital, FIFA Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar[2] Kinemove Rehabilitation Centers, Pontremoli, Parma, La Spezia, Italy


1. Introduction

The detrimental event on a muscular level, founds one of the most recurring traumatic insults in sporting environment. The entity of the lesion can go from simple sprain, often associated with the breakage of small vessels, with appearance of pain and swelling, to complete muscular tear. The consequences for the athlete, which appear linked with the entity of the lesion, are always unpleasant and involve suspension, more or less long, of sporting activity, not to mention suitable therapy.

In this chapter we will try to clear up the different physiological aspects which normally characterize the traumatic event and to describe, even if only summarize, the mechanism of muscular repair.